It has been proposed that a cysteine proteinase inhibitor (CPI) found in the ascitic fluid of Sarcoma 180 tumor-bearing mice is a kind of kininogen (Itoh, N., Yokota, S., Takagishi, U., Hatta, A., and Okamaoto, H. (1987) Cancer Res. 47, 5560-5565). The first 40 NH2-terminal residues and 54 residuea of the COOH-terminal sequence, including the bradykinin moiety of highly purified ascites CPI, were determined and compared with those of mammalian low molecular weight kininogens (LMWK). The significant identitity between these amino acid sequences with those of other mammalian LMWKs suggests that ascites CPI corresponds precisely to mouse LMWK. This kininogen has a light chain composed of 43 amino acid residues, which contains a unique Met-Ala-Arg-bradykinin sequence. Hydroxyproline, which was recently identified in the bradykinin sequence of kininogen from the ascitic fluid of a cancer patient, was not found in the kinin moiety of this mouse kininogen. Among purified glandular kalikreins from human, hog, rat, and mouse, only mouse submaxillary gland kallikrein was able to release bradykinin from this kininogen. Kinetic studies using a newly synthesized fluorogenic substrate, N-t-butoxy-carbonyl-Met-Ala-Arg-MCA, revealed that mouse kalikrein hydrolyzes this substrate approximately 80-fold faster than does hog kallikrein, suggesting that the unique Met-Ala-Arg-bradykinin sequence is responsible for the varied susceptibility of mouse kininogen to different kallikreins.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1990 Jul 9|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology