CYP4F13 is the major enzyme for conversion of alpha-eleostearic acid into CIS-9, trans-11-conjugated linoleic acid in mouse hepatic microsomes

Qiming Wu, Tsuyoshi Tsuduki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our previous studies have shown that α-eleostearic acid (α-ESA; cis-9, trans-11, trans-13 (c9,t11,t13)-conjugated linolenic acid (CLnA)) is converted into c9,t11-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in rats. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the conversion of α-ESA into CLA is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent enzymatic reaction, which occurs mostly in the rat liver. However, the precise metabolic pathway and enzyme involved have not been identified yet. Therefore, in this study we aimed to determine the role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) in the conversion of α-ESA into c9,t11-CLA using an in vitro reconstitution system containing mouse hepatic microsomes, NADPH, and α-ESA. The CYP4 inhibitors, 17-ODYA and HET0016, performed the highest level of inhibition of CLA formation. Furthermore, the redox partner cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR) inhibitor, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), also demonstrated a high level of inhibition. Thus, these results indicate that the NADPH-dependent CPR/CYP4 system is responsible for CLA formation. In a correlation analysis between the specific activity of CLA formation and Cyp4 family gene expression in tissues, Cyp4a14 and Cyp4f13 demonstrated the best correlations. However, the CYP4F substrate prostaglandin A1 (PGA1) exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on CLA formation, while the CYP4A and CYP4B1 substrate lauric acid had no inhibitory effect. Therefore, we conclude that the CYP4F13 enzyme is the major enzyme involved in CLA formation. This pathway is a novel pathway for endogenous CLA synthesis, and this study provides insight into the potential application of CLnA in functional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1061-1075
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of oleo science
Volume69
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Alpha-eleostearic acid
  • Conjugated linoleic acid
  • Conjugated linolenic acid
  • Conversion
  • Cytochrome P450

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'CYP4F13 is the major enzyme for conversion of alpha-eleostearic acid into CIS-9, trans-11-conjugated linoleic acid in mouse hepatic microsomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this