Cyclophilin A is an inflammatory mediator that promotes atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice

Patrizia Nigro, Kimio Satoh, Michael R. O'Dell, Nwe Nwe Soe, Zhaoqiang Cui, Amy Mohan, Jun Ichi Abe, Jeffrey D. Alexis, Janet D. Sparks, Bradford C. Berk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cyclophilin A (CyPA; encoded by Ppia) is a ubiquitously expressed protein secreted in response to inflammatory stimuli. CyPA stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression, and inflammatory cell chemotaxis. Given these activities, we hypothesized that CyPA would promote atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein E-deficient ( Apoe-/-) mice fed a high-cholesterol diet for 16 wk developed more severe atherosclerosis compared with Apoe-/-Ppia-/- mice. Moreover, CyPA deficiency was associated with decreased low-density lipoprotein uptake, VCAM-1 (vascular cell adhesion molecule 1) expression, apoptosis, and increased eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) expression. To understand the vascular role of CyPA in atherosclerosis development, bone marrow (BM) cell transplantation was performed. Atherosclerosis was greater in Apoe-/- mice compared with Apoe-/-Ppia-/- mice after reconstitution with CyPA+/+ BM cells, indicating that vascular-derived CyPA plays a crucial role in the progression of atherosclerosis. These data define a role for CyPA in atherosclerosis and suggest CyPA as a target for cardiovascular therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-66
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume208
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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