Cycling-enhanced Knee Exoskeleton Using Planar Spiral Spring

Ronnapee Chaichaowarat, Jun Kinugawa, Kazuhiro Kosuge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reported in our previous study on passive cycling support, the energy cost of knee extension can be reduced using the energy stored from knee flexion by torsion spring. In the current study, the planar spiral spring is applied to attain the compact design of the cycling augmented knee exoskeleton (CAKE-2). The surface electromyography (EMG) results over the rectus femoris muscles of three healthy male participants performing constant power cycling on a trainer at 200 W and 225 W are analyzed in time-frequency via the continuous wavelet transform. In all cycling tests with and without the exoskeletons worn on both legs, no sign of peripheral muscle fatigue or significant change in the EMG median power spectral frequency (MDF) appears throughout the two-minute cycling trials. At the same cycling speed and leg cadence, the average of EMG-MDF increases with the exercise intensity. At the same cycling power, less quadriceps activity can be observed from all the participants when the spring support was used during cycling. The capability to modify the unbalanced effort required from the quadriceps and the hamstring during cycling without requiring an external energy source is applicable for cycling enhancement and rehabilitation applications.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3206-3211
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 26
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 2018 Jul 182018 Jul 21

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period18/7/1818/7/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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