Proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IFN-γ induce cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells and promote transmigration of leukocytes across endothelial cells. However, when those two were administered together, leukocyte transmigration paradoxically decreased. We cloned a human and bovine homologue of the junctional adhesion molecule (JAM), a novel molecule at the tight junction, and examined the effects of proinflammatory cytokines on JAM in HUVECs. The combined treatment of TNF-α plus IFN-γ caused a disappearance of JAM from intercellular junctions. However, flow cytometry, cell ELISA, and subcellular fractionation analysis demonstrated that the amount of JAM was ant reduced. This suggested that JAM changed its distribution in response to proinflammatory cytokine. This redistribution or JAM might be involved in a decrease in transendothelial migration of leukocytes at inflammatory sites.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jul 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy