The current understanding of the microstructural features and mechanical properties of micro-alloyed low carbon steels strengthened by interphase precipitation of nano-sized alloy carbides are critically reviewed in this paper. The experimental results obtained via advanced quantitative characterization have revealed that interphase precipitation is promoted at the ferrite/austenite interface with a relatively lower degree of coherency caused by the deviation from the exact Kurdjumov–Sachs orientation relationship. Its dispersion becomes refined by enlarging the driving force for its precipitation, as adjusted by changing the transformation condition and chemical composition. The occurrence of interphase precipitation can significantly increase the strength of steels due to its large precipitation strengthening, and maintain good ductility as a result of enhanced work-hardening and dynamic recovery in different stages of tensile deformation. Finally, the application of interphase precipitation to ferrite/martensite dual-phase steels, together with our outlook on the challenging points in future research, are briefly explained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)