Current-Nonlinear Hall Effect and Spin-Orbit Torque Magnetization Switching in a Magnetic Topological Insulator

K. Yasuda, A. Tsukazaki, R. Yoshimi, K. Kondou, K. S. Takahashi, Y. Otani, M. Kawasaki, Y. Tokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current-nonlinear Hall effect or second harmonic Hall voltage is widely used as one of the methods for estimating charge-spin conversion efficiency, which is attributed to the magnetization oscillation by spin-orbit torque (SOT). Here, we argue the second harmonic Hall voltage under a large in-plane magnetic field with an in-plane magnetization configuration in magnetic-nonmagnetic topological insulator (TI) heterostructures, Crx(Bi1-ySby)2-xTe3/(Bi1-ySby)2Te3, where it is clearly shown that the large second harmonic voltage is governed not by SOT but mainly by asymmetric magnon scattering without macroscopic magnetization oscillation. Thus, this method does not allow an accurate estimation of charge-spin conversion efficiency in TI. Instead, the SOT contribution is exemplified by current pulse induced nonvolatile magnetization switching, which is realized with a current density of 2.5×1010 A m-2, showing its potential as a spintronic material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number137204
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume119
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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