Current Issues of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis

Yoshindo Kawaguchi, Toshio Hasegawa, Hitoshi Kubo, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Masaaki Nakayama, Takashi Shigematsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: This paper concerns the overall median technical survival of chronic continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients and treatment in the 6 years since the commencement of CAPD at the Jikei University Hospital. Diabetic end‐stage renal disease (ESRD) patients showed 5 years' survival, apparently shorter than that of nondiabetic ESRD which was 7 years. From this fact, the question of whether CAPD is the best dialytic option in diabetic ESRD should be reevaluated. Although a remarkable reduction in the incidence of peritonitis has been seen, generally ranging from 1 episode/40 patient months to 60 patient months or more in Japan, one serious issue still to be addressed is exit site/skin tunnel infection. The incidence is around 1 episode/30 patient months in our hospital. Discovering how to prevent this infection is a matter of some urgency. Peritoneal dialysis is a limiting dialytic modality as far as the biomembrane used. Although the precise mechanisms deteriorating the peritoneal function are still obscure, the treatment of sclerosing encapsulated peritonitis is also an urgent matter. Regarding bone disease and metastatic calcification, adynamic bone disease is frequently observed in ESRD patients. However, the pathogenesis of this morbidity has not been clarified. Treatment of extraosseous calcification in vessels and periarticular, and visceral organs should be developed. New dialytic alternatives to glucose and/or lactate‐based solutions have been under experimental study. Until a new solution is delivered commercially, CAPD will remain a transient therapy. Our large study of CAPD patients revealed that 26% were malnourished. The biochemical parameters, amount of daily protein intake, and KT/V did not show significant differences between those patients identified as well nourished versus malnourished. The causes of malnutrition should be considered from other points of view such as endocrinological circumstances. Newer therapeutic approaches to malnutrition are also required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1204-1209
Number of pages6
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Dec

Keywords

  • Adynamic bone
  • Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  • Exist site
  • Malnutrition
  • Metastatic calcification
  • Peritoneal dialysis solution
  • Skin tunnel infection
  • Technical survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Kawaguchi, Y., Hasegawa, T., Kubo, H., Yamamoto, H., Nakayama, M., & Shigematsu, T. (1995). Current Issues of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis. Artificial Organs, 19(12), 1204-1209. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.1995.tb02286.x