We measured four chemokines in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) with ELISA. CXCL10/IP-10, a T cell type 1 (Th1)-associated chemokine, was significantly elevated in HAM/TSP compared with controls, and the values were even significantly higher in HAM/TSP than in multiple sclerosis (MS) in which CXCL10/IP-10 up-regulation was previously reported. Among Th2-associated chemokines, CCL17/TARC and CCL11/Eotaxin in HAM/TSP were not different from those in controls. As shown in MS, CCL2/MCP-1 was significantly lower in HAM/TSP than in control. Following interferon (IFN)-α therapy in HAM/TSP, CCL2/MCP-1 became significantly higher than that before therapy, which may reflect a Th2 induction, while CXCL10/IP-10 remained elevated.
- Human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis
- Multiple sclerosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology