Heating of conductive materials by electric current is used in many technological processes. Application of electric pulses to metallic glasses induces their fast crystallization, which is an interesting and complex phenomenon. In this work, crystallization of the Fe83B17 amorphous alloy induced by pulses of electric current produced has been studied using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Ribbons of the alloy were directly subjected to single pulses of electric current 250 µs long formed by a capacitor discharge. As the value of ∫I2dt was increased from 0.33 to 2.00 A2 s, different crystallization stages could be observed. The crystallization began through the formation of the nuclei of α-Fe. At high values of ∫I2dt, α-Fe and tetragonal and orthorhombic Fe3B and Fe23B6 were detected in the crystallized ribbons with crystallites of about 50 nm. Thermal annealing of the ribbons at 600 °C for 2 min resulted in the formation of α-Fe and tetragonal Fe3B. It was concluded that pulses of electric current produced by a capacitor discharge induced transformation of the Fe83B17 amorphous phase into metastable crystalline products.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Jul 21|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)