Crystal structural determination of SrAID5 with corner-sharing AID6 octahedron chains by x-ray and neutron diffraction

Toyoto Sato, Shigeyuki Takagi, Magnus H. Sørby, Stefano Deledda, Bjørn C. Hauback, Shin Ichi Orimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aluminium-based complex hydrides (alanates) composed of metal cation(s) and complex anion(s), [AlH4 ] or [AlH6]3− with covalent Al–H bonds, have attracted tremendous attention as hydrogen storage materials since the discovery of the reversible hydrogen desorption and absorption reactions on Ti-enhanced NaAlH4. In cases wherein alkaline-earth metals (M) are used as a metal cation, MAlH5 with corner-sharing AlH6 octahedron chains are known to form. The crystal structure of SrAlH5 has remained unsolved although two different results have been theoretically and experimentally proposed. Focusing on the corner-sharing AlH6 octahedron chains as a unique feature of the alkaline-earth metal, we here report the crystal structure of SrAlD5 investigated by synchrotron radiation powder X-ray and neutron diffraction. SrAlD5 was elucidated to adopt an orthorhombic unit cell with a = 4.6226(10) Å, b = 12.6213(30) Å and c = 5.0321(10) Å in the space group Pbcm (No. 57) and Z = 4. The Al–D distances (1.77–1.81 Å) in the corner-sharing AlD6 octahedra matched with those in the isolated [AlD6 ]3− although the D–Al–D angles in the penta-alanates are significantly more distorted than the isolated [AlD6]3−.

Original languageEnglish
Article number89
JournalCrystals
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 9

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • Powder X-ray diffraction
  • Powder neutron diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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