Crystal growth and scintillation properties of (NaxCa 1-2xLux-yNd y)F2 single crystals

Yuki Furuya, Shingo Wakahara, Makoto Sugiyama, Hidehiko Tanaka, Kentaro Fukuda, Noriaki Kawaguchi, Yuui Yokota, Takayuki Yanagida, Akira Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


NaxCa1-2xLux- yNdyF2 single crystals were grown from the melt using the precise atmosphere control type Micro-Pulling-Down (μ-PD) method to investigate their potential as a vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) scintillators. The grown crystals were single-phase materials with fluorite-type structure (Fm-3m, Z = 4) as confirmed by XRD. The crystals demonstrated 80-90% transmittance above 200 nm wavelength and Nd3+ 5d-4f luminescence (when exited by X-ray) observed around 185 nm. The radioluminescence measurements under 5.5 MeV α-ray excitation (241Am) demonstrated the light yield of 48 [Ph/5.5 MeV-α] and the decay time of 6.4-7.7 ns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-78
Number of pages4
JournalOptical Materials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov


  • Inorganic compound
  • Radiation
  • Scintillating materials
  • Scintillators
  • Single crystal growth
  • Vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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