Cryptococcus neoformans inhibits nitric oxide synthesis caused by CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide-stimulated macrophages in a fashion independent of capsular polysaccharides

Gang Xiao, Akiko Miyazato, Ken Inden, Kiwamu Nakamura, Kohei Shiratori, Kiyotaka Nakagawa, Teruo Miyazawa, Kazuo Suzuki, Mitsuo Kaku, Kazuyoshi Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cryptococcus neoformans is eradicated by macrophages via production of NO. Unmethylated CpG-ODN protectmice frominfection with this fungal pathogen by inducing IFN-γ. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of C. neoformans on the synthesis ofNOby alveolar macrophages. For this purpose, MH-S, an alveolar macrophage cell line, was stimulated with CpG-ODN in the presence of IFN-γ. A highly virulent strain of C. neoformans with thick capsule suppressed the production of NO. Capsular polysaccharides were not essential for this suppression, because there was no difference between acapsular mutant (Cap67) and its parent strain. Physical or close interaction of Cap67 with MH-S was necessary, as shown by the loss of such effect when direct contact was interfered by nitrocellulose membrane. Similar effects were observed by disrupted as well as intact Cap67.Whereas the inhibitory effect of intact Cap67 was completely abrogated by heat treatment, disrupted Cap67 did not receive such in-fluence. Finally, disrupted Cap67 did not show any inhibitory effect on the TLR9-mediated activation of NF-κB in a luciferase reporter assay with HEK293T cells, although the TLR4-mediated activation was suppressed. These results revealed that C. neoformans suppressed the synthesis of NO byCpG-ODNand IFN-γ-stimulatedmacrophages in a fashion independent of capsular polysaccharides, although the precise mechanism remains to be elucidated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-179
Number of pages9
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

Keywords

  • CpG-ODN
  • Cryptococcus neoformans
  • Macrophages
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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