In order to measure the concentrations of trace gases such as CU2, CH.4, N2Ü and halocarbons and the isotopic ratios of <513C, <518O and A14C of CU2 in the stratosphere over Antarctica in January 1998, a balloon-borne cryogenic air sampling system was developed on the basis of the sampler which has used for the collection of stratospheric air over Japan since 1985. The sampler developed in this study is capable of collecting air samples with volumes of 20-30 ISTP at 12 height levels. Special attention was paid to the sampler so that the collection of a large amount of the stratospheric air can be completed in a short time, which is crucial for recovering the sampler near the station using a helicopter. In addition, the sampler was designed to land on the sea or the ice field safely. We also simulated the flight trajectories of the sampler using the wind data observed at Syowa Station (69°00r S, 39°35' E), Antarctica. The results suggested that the sampler may land within approximately 150 km from the station, if air sampling is made in the summer season. Indeed, the trajectories, thus predicted, were confirmed to be valid by experiments made using a rubber balloon at Syowa Station on January 21 and February 6, 1995.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)