Cryogenic air sampling system for measurements of the concentrations of stratospheric trace gases and their isotopic ratios over Antarctica

Hideyuki Honda, Shuji Aoki, Takakiyo Nakazawa, Shinji Morimoto, Nobuyuki Yajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In order to measure the concentrations of trace gases such as CO2, CH4, N2O and halocarbons and the isotopic ratios of δ13C, δ18O and Δ14C of CO2 in the stratosphere over Antarctica in January 1998, a balloon-borne cryogenic air sampling system was developed on the basis of the sampler which has used for the collection of stratospheric air over Japan since 1985. The sampler developed in this study is capable of collecting air samples with volumes of 20-30 1STP at 12 height levels. Special attention was paid to the sampler so that the collection of a large amount of the stratospheric air can be completed in a short time, which is crucial for recovering the sampler near the station using a helicopter. In addition, the sampler was designed to land on the sea or the ice field safely. We also simulated the flight trajectories of the sampler using the wind data observed at Syowa Station (69°00′ S, 39°35′ E), Antarctica. The results suggested that the sampler may land within approximately 150 km from the station, if air sampling is made in the summer season. Indeed, the trajectories, thus predicted, were confirmed to be valid by experiments made using a rubber balloon at Syowa Station on January 21 and February 6, 1995.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1155
Number of pages11
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume48
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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