The development of a cryogen-free hybrid magnet with no use of liquid helium was intended. A cryogen-free hybrid magnet is composed of an outer conduction-cooled superconducting magnet using GM-cryocoolers and an inner water-cooled resistive magnet. As a first step, we constructed a cryogen-free NbTi superconducting magnet with a 360 mm room temperature bore, which generated 4.5 T at a magnet center. The thermal stability concept of the critical current margin is adopted for magnet design. A 20 T static magnetic field and a magnetic force field corresponding to 2030 T2/m by combining with the 15.5 T water-cooled magnet were obtained. A container-less melting experiment was carried out using a newly developed 20 T cryogen-free hybrid magnet. A great interest is focused on Marangoni convection in container-less melting. Thermocapillary convection known well as Marangoni is being investigated in the non-gravity state due to high magnetic fields, using the world's first cryogen-free hybrid magnet.
- Cryogen-free hybrid magnet
- Thermocapillary convection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering