Cross-sectional area of the tendon and the muscle of the biceps brachii in shoulders with rotator cuff tears: A study of 14 cadaveric shoulders

Aizawa Toshiaki, Eiji Itoi, Hiroshi Minagawa, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Yilihamu Tuoheti, Nobutoshi Seki, Kyoji Okada, Yoichi Shimada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The intraarticular portion of the long head of the biceps tendon is often widened in shoulders with cuff tears. It is unclear whether this is a local phenomen or is caused by muscle hypertrophy. Methods: We investigated morphological changes of the biceps brachii in 14 embalmed shoulders: 7 with intact rotator cuff and 7 with rotator cuff tears. We measured the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the tendon of the long head of the biceps (LHB) at 9 levels between the glenoid origin and the musculotendinous junction. The muscle volume and the muscle fiber length of the long and short heads of the biceps were measured to calculate the physiological CSA (PCSA) by dividing the volume by the fiber length. Results: The CSA of the LHB tendon at the entrance to the bicipital groove was greater in cuff tear shoulders than in normal shoulders. The PCSA of the biceps was similar in normal and cuff tear shoulders. Interpretation: Hypertrophy of the LHB tendon appears to be a localized morphological change near the entrance to the bicipital groove. Copyright

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-512
Number of pages4
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Volume76
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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