Cross-linguistic influence of first language writing systems on brain responses to second language word reading in late bilinguals

Satoru Yokoyama, Jungho Kim, Shinya Uchida, Tadao Miyamoto, Kei Yoshimoto, Ryuta Kawashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: How human brains acquire second languages (L2) is one of the fundamental questions in neuroscience and language science. However, it is unclear whether the first language (L1) has a cross-linguistic influence on the processing of L2. Methods: Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare brain activities during L2 word reading tasks of phonographic Japanese Kana between two groups of learners of the Japanese language as their L2 and who had different orthographic backgrounds of their L1. For Chinese learners, a L1 of the Chinese language (Hanji) and a L2 of the Japanese Kana differed orthographically, whereas for Korean learners, a L1 of Korean Hangul and a L2 of Japanese Kana were similar. Results: Our analysis revealed that, although proficiency and the age of acquisition did not differ between the two groups, Chinese learners showed greater activation of the left middle frontal gyrus than Korean learners during L2 word reading. Conclusion: Our results provide evidence that strongly supported the hypothesis that cross-linguistic variations in orthography between L1 and L2 induce differential brain activation during L2 word reading, which has been proposed previously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-531
Number of pages7
JournalBrain and Behavior
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep

Keywords

  • Cross-linguistic
  • Orthography
  • Second language
  • Word reading
  • Writing system
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-linguistic influence of first language writing systems on brain responses to second language word reading in late bilinguals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this