Critical shoulder angle in an East Asian population: correlation to the incidence of rotator cuff tear and glenohumeral osteoarthritis

Kiyotsugu Shinagawa, Taku Hatta, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Jun Kawakami, Yuki Shiota, Mitsuyoshi Mineta, Eiji Itoi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Focus has recently been on the critical shoulder angle (CSA) as a factor related to rotator cuff tear and osteoarthritis (OA) in the European population. However, whether this relationship is observed in the Asian population is unclear. Methods: The correlation between the CSAs measured on anteroposterior radiographs and the presence or absence of rotator cuff tears or OA changes was assessed in 295 patients. Rotator cuff tears were diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasonography. OA findings were classified using the Samilson-Prieto classification. The CSAs among the patients with rotator cuff tears, OA changes, and those without pathologies were compared. Multivariable analyses were used to clarify the potential risks for these pathologies. Results: The mean CSA with rotator cuff tear (33.9° ± 4.1°) was significantly greater than that without a rotator cuff tear (32.3° ± 4.5°; P =.002). Multivariable analysis also showed that a greater CSA had a significantly increased risk of rotator cuff tears, with the odds ratio of 1.08 per degree. OA findings showed no significant correlation to the CSAs. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that the CSA is greater in those with a rotator cuff tear than in those without a tear or OA changes, which may be an independent risk factor for the incidence of rotator cuff tears in the Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1602-1606
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep


  • Critical shoulder angle
  • Cross-Sectional Design
  • East Asian
  • Level III
  • Prognosis Study
  • osteoarthritis
  • radiograph
  • rotator cuff tear
  • shoulder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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