Critical roles of Asp40 at the haem proximal side of haem-regulated phosphodiesterase from Escherichia coli redox potential, auto-oxidation and catalytic control

Miki Watanabe, Hirofumi Kurokawa, Tokiko Yoshimura-Suzuki, Ikuko Sagami, Toru Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In haem-regulated phosphodiesterase (PDE) from Escherichia coli (Ec DOS), haem is bound to the PAS domain, and the redox state of the haem iron regulates catalysis by the PDE domain. We generated mutants of Asp40, which forms a hydrogen bond with His77 (a proximal haem axial ligand) via two water molecules, and a salt bridge with Arg85 at the protein surface. The redox potential of haem was markedly increased from 67 mV vs. the standard hydrogen electrode in the wild-type enzyme to 95 mV and 114 mV in the Ala and Asn mutants, respectively. Additionally, the auto-oxidation rate of Ec DOS PAS was significantly increased from 0.0053 to 0.051 and 0.033 min-1, respectively. Interestingly, the catalytic activities of the Asp40 mutants were abolished completely. Thus, Asp40 appears to play a critical role in the electronic structure of the haem iron and redox-dependent catalytic control of the PDE domain. In this report, we discuss the mechanism of catalytic control of Ec DOS, based on the physico-chemical characteristics of the Asp40 mutants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3937-3942
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume271
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct

Keywords

  • Auto-oxidation
  • Haem axial ligand
  • Haem sensor
  • Phosphodiesterase
  • Redox potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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