Critical role of intestinal interleukin-4 modulating regulatory T cells for desensitization, tolerance, and inflammation of food allergy

Haruyo Nakajima-Adachi, Kyoko Shibahara, Yoko Fujimura, Jun Takeyama, Erika Hiraide, Akira Kikuchi, Hitoshi Murakami, Akira Hosono, Tomonori Nochi, Yoshio Wakatsuki, Naoki Shimojo, Shuichi Kaminogawa, Ryuichiro Sato, Hiroshi Kiyono, Satoshi Hachimura

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objective The mechanism inducing either inflammation or tolerance to orally administered food allergens remains unclear. To investigate this we analyzed mouse models of food allergy (OVA23-3) and tolerance (DO11.10 [D10]), both of which express ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T-cell receptors. Methods OVA23-3, recombination activating gene (RAG)-2-deficient OVA23-3 (R23-3), D10, and RAG-2-deficient D10 (RD10) mice consumed a diet containing egg white (EW diet) for 2-28 days. Interleukin (IL)-4 production by CD4+ T cells was measured as a causative factor of enteropathy, and anti-IL-4 antibody was used to reveal the role of Foxp3+ OVA-specific Tregs (aiTreg) in this process. Results Unlike OVA23-3 and R23-3 mice, D10 and RD10 mice did not develop enteropathy and weight loss on the EW diet. On days 7-10, in EW-fed D10 and RD10 mice, splenic CD4+ T cells produced significantly more IL-4 than did those in the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs); this is in contrast to the excessive IL-4 response in the MLNs of EW-fed OVA23-3 and R23- 3 mice. EW-fed R23-3 mice had few aiTregs, whereas EW-fed RD10 mice had them in both tissues. Intravenous injections of anti-IL-4 antibody recovered the percentage of aiTregs in the MLNs of R23-3 mice. On day 28, in EW-fed OVA23-3 and R23-3 mice, expression of Foxp3 on CD4+ T cells corresponded with recovery from inflammation, but recurrence of weight loss was observed on restarting the EW diet after receiving the control-diet for 1 month. No recurrence developed in D10 mice. Conclusions Excessive IL-4 levels in the MLNs directly inhibited the induction of aiTregs and caused enteropathy. The aiTregs generated in the attenuation of T cell-dependent food allergic enteropathy may function differently than aiTregs induced in a tolerance model. Comparing the two models enables to investigate their aiTreg functions and to clarify differences between inflammation with subsequent desensitization versus tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0172795
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Nakajima-Adachi, H., Shibahara, K., Fujimura, Y., Takeyama, J., Hiraide, E., Kikuchi, A., Murakami, H., Hosono, A., Nochi, T., Wakatsuki, Y., Shimojo, N., Kaminogawa, S., Sato, R., Kiyono, H., & Hachimura, S. (2017). Critical role of intestinal interleukin-4 modulating regulatory T cells for desensitization, tolerance, and inflammation of food allergy. PloS one, 12(2), [e0172795]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172795