We developed a novel critical current and stability experimental setup utilizing a closed electric circuit with a multi-stand superconducting cable. The feature of this setup is transverse mechanical loading implied to the multi-strand cable in the transverse direction. It was reported that Lorentz force caused degradation of critical current in the ITER-TFMC conductor. Furthermore, these phenomena were only observed in the ITER full size conductors with large Lorentz forces under high magnetic field. The advantage of our setup is a critical current measurement with comparable mechanical stress under high magnetic field. Employing an inductive critical current measurement technique, we conducted the experiment with transport current of around 10 kA without any power supply nor current lead. As experimental results, we observed significant degradation due to compressive stress of around 30 MPa. This degradation was found irreversible, when it was unloaded.
- Critical current
- Nb Sn
- Transverse load
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering