Critical assessment of reaction pathways for conversion of agricultural waste biomass into formic acid

Feng Shen, Richard Lee Smith, Jialu Li, Haixin Guo, Xiao Zhang, Xinhua Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Reaction pathways for conversion of agricultural waste biomass into formic acid are reviewed for established (fast pyrolysis, acid hydrolysis, wet oxidation, catalytic oxidation), and cutting-edge (photocatalysis, electrocatalysis) methods. Characteristics of each reaction pathway are analyzed and ranked with sustainability indicators (environment, economic, social) and lead to the conclusion that catalytic oxidation has the highest sustainability score for conversion of agricultural waste biomass to formic acid in terms of yield, waste emissions, feedstock cost, and innovation potential. Reaction systems for catalytic oxidation are analyzed in detail including catalysts, oxidants, solvents, catalyst recycle and product separation including large-scale aspects. Future perspectives and challenges for the efficient conversion of agricultural waste biomass into formic acid are proposed. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536-1561
Number of pages26
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Critical assessment of reaction pathways for conversion of agricultural waste biomass into formic acid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this