CpG oligodeoxynucleotides induce strong up-regulation of interleukin 33 via Toll-like receptor 9

Takeshi Shimosato, Megumi Fujimoto, Masanori Tohno, Takashi Sato, Mariko Tateo, Hajime Otani, Haruki Kitazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously reported the strong immunostimulatory effects of a CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN), designated MsST, from the lacZ gene of Streptococcus (S.) thermophilus ATCC19258. Here we show that 24 h of stimulation with MsST in mouse splenocytes and peritoneal macrophages strongly induces expression of interleukin (IL)-33, a cytokine in the IL-1 superfamily. Other IL-1 superfamily members, including IL-1α, IL-1β and IL-18, are down-regulated after 24 h of stimulation of MsST. We also found that MsST-induced IL-33 mRNA expression is inhibited by the suppressive ODN A151, which can inhibit Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9)-mediated responses. This is the first report to show that IL-33 can be induced by CpG ODNs. The strong induction of IL-33 by MsST suggests that it may be a potential therapeutic ODN for the treatment of inflammatory disease. The presence of a strong CpG ODN in S. thermophilus also suggests that the bacterium may be a good candidate as a starter culture for the development of new physiologically functional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume394
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 26

Keywords

  • CpG-ODN
  • IL-1 superfamily
  • IL-33
  • Streptococcus thermophilus
  • TLR9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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