Wnt signaling through β-catenin and TCF maintains preadipocytes in an un-differentiated proliferative state; however, the molecular pathway has not been completely defined. By integrating gene expression microarray, chromatin immunoprecipitation-chip, and cell-based experimental approaches, we show that Wnt/β-catenin signaling activates the expression of COUP-TFII which recruits the SMRT corepressor complex to the first introns located downstream from the first exons of both PPARγ1 and γ2 mRNAs. This maintains the local chromatin in a hypoacetylated state and represses PPARγ gene expression to inhibit adipogenesis. Our experiments define the COUP-TFII/SMRT complex as a previously unappreciated component of the linear pathway that directly links Wnt/β-catenin signaling to repression of PPARγ gene expression and the inhibition of adipogenesis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Apr 7|
- Histone modification
ASJC Scopus subject areas