Coseismic fault model of the 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake deduced by a dense GPS network

Yusaku Ohta, Mako Ohzono, Satoshi Miura, Takeshi Iinuma, Kenji Tachibana, Kota Takatsuka, Kayo Miyao, Toshiya Sato, Norihito Umino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A large earthquake of Mj 7.2 occurred on June 14, 2008, beneath the border between Iwate and Miyagi prefectures in northeastern Japan. We propose a simple rectangular fault model based on a dense GPS network, including continuous GPS sites run by four agencies, to describe the coseismic deformation. The coseismic displacements are estimated by kinematic PPP (precise point positioning) analysis. Near the hypocenter, co-located independent instruments (integrated accelerogram and kinematic PPP) measure the same large displacement caused by the mainshock. The fault model explains the observations well and reproduces the observed complex spatial pattern, especially around the northern part of the focal area, which is the focus of a debate on whether or not the coseismic slip occurred on the Dedana fault system. Our results show that no major slip on the Dedana fault system occurred. The estimated amount of moment release was equivalent to Mw 6.9, and the maximum slip reached 3.5 m on the southern sub-fault.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1197-1201
Number of pages5
Journalearth, planets and space
Volume60
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • 2008 Iwate-Miyagi Nairiku earthquake
  • Coseismic fault model
  • Kinematic GPS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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