Cortical region-specific engraftment of embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells restores axonal sprouting to a subcortical target and achieves motor functional recovery in a mouse model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury

Mizuya Shinoyama, Makoto Ideguchi, Hiroyuki Kida, Koji Kajiwara, Yoshiteru Kagawa, Yoshihiko Maeda, Sadahiro Nomura, Michiyasu Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) at birth could cause cerebral palsy (CP), mental retardation, and epilepsy, which last throughout the individual's lifetime. However, few restorative treatments for ischemic tissue are currently available. Cell replacement therapy offers the potential to rescue brain damage caused by HI and to restore motor function. In the present study, we evaluated the ability of embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells (ES-NPCs) to become cortical deep layer neurons, to restore the neural network, and to repair brain damage in an HIE mouse model. ES cells stably expressing the reporter gene GFP are induced to a neural precursor state by stromal cell co-culture. Forty-hours after the induction of HIE, animals were grafted with ES-NPCs targeting the deep layer of the motor cortex in the ischemic brain. Motor function was evaluated 3 weeks after transplantation. Immunohistochemistry and neuroanatomical tracing with GFP were used to analyze neuronal differentiation and axonal sprouting. ES-NPCs could differentiate to cortical neurons with pyramidal morphology and expressed the deep layer-specific marker, Ctip2. The graft showed good survival and an appropriate innervation pattern via axonal sprouting from engrafted cells in the ischemic brain. The motor functions of the transplanted HIE mice also improved significantly compared to the sham-transplanted group. These findings suggest that cortical region specific engraftment of preconditioned cortical precursor cells could support motor functional recovery in the HIE model. It is not clear whether this is a direct effect of the engrafted cells or due to neurotrophic factors produced by these cells. These results suggest that cortical region-specific NPC engraftment is a promising therapeutic approach for brain repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 21
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ctip2
  • Embryonic stem cell
  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
  • Integration
  • Motor function
  • Regeneration
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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