Corrosion behaviour of magnesium alloys for biomedical use

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnesium alloys attract attention as a biodegradable/bioabsorbable metallic material because of the higher strength and toughness than those of biodegradable polymers and ceramics. However, practical application of Mg alloys makes little progress due to the too rapid corrosion in physiological environments. New alloys and surface coatings are developed to improve the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility. On the other hand, in vivo corrosion rate of Mg alloys was often considerably different from that obtained with in vitro corrosion test designed for conventional metallic biomaterials such as Ti alloys. It is thus a critical issue for Mg alloys to develop appropriate corrosion evaluation methods, for that it is necessary to elucidate corrosion characteristics of Mg alloys. We examined some characteristic corrosion factors for Mg alloys using a rotating electrode, and also developed calcium phosphate coatings to control Mg alloy corrosion. In this paper, influence of various physiological corrosion factors is summarized, and corrosion behaviour of developed calcium phosphate-coated magnesium alloys is also briefly described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalZairyo to Kankyo/ Corrosion Engineering
Volume63
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biodegradable/bioabsorbable
  • Biomaterials
  • Corrosion
  • Magnesium alloys
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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