Background: It is difficult to identify glaucoma in myopic eyes because the configuration of the optic disc varies; yet it is important clinically. Here, we used laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) to measure mean blur rate (MBR), representing optic disc microcirculation, and assessed its ability to identify glaucoma in eyes with myopic optic discs.
Methods. 129 eyes (normal disc: 21 eyes; myopic disc: 108 eyes) were enrolled. The eyes were classified as normal or mildly, moderately, or severely glaucomatous with standard automated perimetry (SAP). We determined the relationship between optic nerve head (ONH) MBR, measured with LSFG, mean deviation (MD), measured with SAP, and circumpapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (cpRNFLT), measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Results: ONH MBR and cpRNFLT decreased significantly with the severity of glaucoma. MBR was significantly correlated with cpRNFLT and MD (r =0.65 and r =0.63, respectively). A multiple regression analysis revealed that MBR and cpRNFLT were independent factors indicating glaucoma severity. A logistic regression analysis revealed that MBR and cpRNFLT were also independent factors indicating the presence of glaucoma. In a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, MBR and cpRNFLT could both differentiate between normal and glaucomatous eyes (MBR area under the ROC curve: 0.86, with a cut-off score of 24.0 AU).
Conclusion: These results suggest that in addition to cpRNFLT, non-invasive and objective LSFG measurements of MBR may enable the identification of glaucoma and the classification of its severity in eyes with myopic optic discs.
- Laser speckle flowgraphy
- Myopic disc
- Optic nerve blood flow
- Retinal nerve fiber layer
ASJC Scopus subject areas