Correlation between structure and exchange coupling parameters of IrMn based MTJ

T. Stobiecki, J. Kanak, J. Wrona, M. Czapkiewicz, C. G. Kim, C. O. Kim, M. Tsunoda, Migaku Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ's) with the structure sub/Ta(5)/Cu(10)/Ta(5) /NiFe(2)/Cu(5)/IrMn(10)/CoFe(2.5)/Al-O/CoFe(2.5)/NiFe(t)/Ta(5), where t = 10, 30, 60 and 100 nm in as-deposited and annealed state were characterized by XRD and magnetic hysteresis loop measurements. The XRD measurements were done in grazing incidence (GID) scan-2θ and θ-2θ geometry, by rocking curve (ω-scan) and pole figures in order to establish the correlation between microstructure (texture and crystallites size) and magnetic parameters of exchange bias and interlayer coupling. Annealing in vacuum at 300°C led to an increase of the average crystallite size of Ir25Mn75 and Ni80Fe20 and improvement of the (111) plane texture of Ir25Mn75, Cu and Ni80Fe20. The exchange bias fields and the coercivity of the pinned layer linearly increased with increasing grain size of IrMn. A reciprocal proportionality between interlayer coupling field and coercivity of the free layer and grain size of NiFe was found. The enhancement of interlayer coupling between pinned and free layers, after annealing treatment, indicates the correlated in-phase roughness of dipolar interacting interfaces due to increase of the crystallite size of NiFe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1627
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applied Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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