Correlation Between Splenectomy and Portal Vein Complications in Living Donor Liver Transplantation

S. Miyagi, C. Nakanishi, Y. Hara, W. Nakanishi, K. Tokodai, K. Shimizu, S. Uematsu, H. Kumata, Y. Kakizaki, M. Goto, T. Kamei, M. Unno, S. Satomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: In adults undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), the transplanted livers are partial grafts, and the portal venous pressure is higher than that observed with whole liver grafts. In patients undergoing LDLT concomitant with splenomegaly, portal venous flow is often diverted to collateral vessels, leading to a high risk of portal vein thrombosis. In such cases, occlusion of the collateral veins is important; however, complete occlusion of all collaterals without blocking the blood flow through the splenic artery causes portal hypertension and liver failure. We aimed to examine the effect of performing a splenectomy concomitant with LDLT to reduce portal vein complications. Methods: Between 1991 and 2017, we performed 170 LDLT operations, including 83 in adults. For this cohort study, adult cases were divided into 2 groups. Group I was those who underwent LDLT without splenectomy (n = 60); Group II was those who underwent LDLT with splenectomy for the reduction of portal hypertension (n = 23). We investigated the incident rates of complications, including blood loss, lethal portal vein thrombosis (intrahepatic thrombosis), acute rejection, and so on. We also investigated the survival rates in both groups. Results: The incident rate of lethal portal vein thrombosis in Group II was significantly lower than that observed in Group I (4.4% vs 21.7%, respectively, P =.0363). There were no statistically significant differences observed between the groups with respect to blood loss, survival rates, and other such parameters. Conclusion: LDLT concomitant with splenectomy might effectively reduce the occurrence of portal vein complications in adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2611-2613
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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