Correlation between magma chamber deflation and eruption cloud height during the 2011 shinmoe-dake eruptions

Tomofumi Kozono, Hideki Ueda, Toshiki Shimbori, Keiichi Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Multiple observations of subsurface and surface phenomena during volcanic eruptions provide important information about eruption styles, eruption column dynamics, and magma plumbing systems. During the 2011 eruptions of Kirishima-Shinmoe-dake volcano in Japan, borehole-type tiltmeter data and weather radar data captured the subsurface and surface phenomena, respectively; the tiltmeters detected deflation of a magma chamber caused by migration of magma to the surface, and the weather radar detected changes in the height of the eruption cloud echo. In this study, we present a method based on the correlation between magma chamber deflation and cloud echo height to identify eruption styles. The method can detect whether a column-forming eruption is accompanied by magma migration from the magma chamber (e.g., sub-Plinian eruption), or not (e.g., Vulcanian explosion). By using well-correlated chamber deflation and echo height data, we found that eruption column dynamics during the Shinmoe-dake eruptions are well described by a one-quarter power scaling relationship between cloud height and magma discharge rate, and that a clear correlation between geodetic volume change of the magma chamber and the erupted volume indicates a stable magma plumbing system connecting the magma chamber and the surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139
Journalearth, planets and space
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Eruption cloud height
  • Eruption dynamics
  • Eruption style
  • Magma chamber deflation
  • Shinmoe-dake
  • Tiltmeter
  • Weather radar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science


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