Correlated pinning behavior in ErBa2Cu3Oy films with BaZrO3 nano-rods

M. Namba, S. Awaji, K. Watanabe, S. Ito, E. Aoyagi, H. Kai, M. Mukaida, R. Kita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In REBa2Cu3Oy (RE123) films with BaZrO3 (BZO), the columnar shaped BZO precipitates, called nano-rods, are formed as the c-axis-correlated pinning centers. In order to understand the vortex pinning properties of RE123 films with BZO nano-rods, we measured the resistivity ρ and critical current density Jc of three different films, i.e. the Er123 films with 0, 1.5 and 3.5 wt% BZO prepared by pulsed laser deposition. We found that the peak related to the c-axis-correlated pinning in the angular dependence of Jc became large in a low field region but small in a high magnetic field with increasing BZO concentration. In addition, the irreversibility field at B||c-axis increased also with increasing BZO concentration, although the dip in the angular dependence of ρ and the peak of the Jc at B||c-axis decreased in the high magnetic field near the irreversible field. It is suggested that the BZO addition is effective to the enhancement of Jc in a low field region as well as the improvement of the irreversibility field. However, we have to consider the c-axis-correlated pinning by the edge dislocations as well as the nano-rods in order to understand it in a high field region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1404-1409
Number of pages6
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number15-20
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Oct 15


  • Critical current density
  • Irreversibility field
  • Nano-rod
  • c-Axis-correlated pinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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