Hierarchical structural features of Vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene (VDF-TrFE) copolymers during the phase transition have been successfully investigated in detail by in-situ simultaneous measurements of DSC and SAXS/WAXD utilizing synchrotron radiation. In a heating process at a constant rate of 1 °C/min, a broad endothermic peak was measured for a VDF-TrFE copolymer from ca. 75°C to ca. 135°C. On the other hand, WAXD data indicated that the phase transition from the crystal form II to the high-temperature (HT) phase began to occur at ca. 105°C. With an increase in temperature from ca. 75° C to ca. 105° C (temperature region A), lamellar staking distance (long period) and lamellar thickness evaluated in SAXS data analyses slightly increased though the crystallite size (the lateral dimension of the lamellae) was almost constant. The (110) reflections of the crystal form II gradually decreased in integrated intensity and scattering from the amorphous region increased instead, which implied that lamellae in crystal form II became partially disordered before the phase transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)