Coordinated Akebono and EISCAT observations of suprathermal ion outflows in the nightside inverted-V region

N. Yoshida, S. Watanabe, H. Fukunishi, T. Sakanoi, T. Mukai, H. Hayakawa, A. Matsuoka, Y. Kasahara, R. Fujii, S. Nozawa, Y. Ogawa

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5 Citations (Scopus)


We have investigated ion outflows observed by the Akebono satellite and the EISCAT radar in the nightside auroral region on February 16, 1993. The Akebono satellite at about 7000 km altitude observed the region of suprathermal ion outflows and inverted-V type electron precipitation alternately with a horizontal separation of 70-150 km at the ionospheric level. These two regions corresponded to the upward and downward field-aligned current region, respectively, and intense ELF waves were observed in the ion outflow region. From the EISCAT VHF radar observation (Common Program 7 mode), it has been suggested that the ion outflow region and the enhanced electron temperature region were aligned along geomagnetic field lines with vertical and horizontal separations of 200-400 and 70-80 km, respectively and these two regions convected equatorward across the EISCAT radar at Tromsø site. Based on these results, we propose a model for this ion outflow as follows. In the nightside auroral region, downward FAC regions exist near the edge of the inverted-V type electron precipitation regions. ELF waves are excited probably by a plasma instability due to the upward thermal electron beam carrying the downward FACs, and these ELF waves cause transverse ion heating at the top of the ionosphere. The produced ion conies contribute significantly to ion outflow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-465
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Apr 1


  • Alternations
  • Elf wave
  • Ion outflow
  • Transversely acceleration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science


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