Coordinate regulation of STAT signaling and c-fos expression by the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2

Tiziana Servidei, Yoko Aoki, Susan E. Lewis, Aviva Symes, J. Stephen Fink, Steven A. Reeves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 has been implicated as an important positive regulator of several mitogenic signaling pathways. SHP-2 has more recently been shown to be tyrosine phosphorylated and recruited to the gp130 component of the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) receptor complex upon stimulation with CNTF. CNTF does not, however, have a proliferative effect on responsive cells, but rather enhances the survival and differentiation of sympathetic, motor, and sensory neurons. In this study, expression of an interfering mutant of SHP-2 in the neuroblastoma cell line NBFL increased CNTF induction of a vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) reporter gene, and in cultures of sympathetic neurons, it resulted in an up-regulation of endogenous VIP and substance P (SP) gene expression. Members of the CNTF family of cytokines transmit their signal by activating signaling pathways involving both STAT and Fos-Jun transcription factors. In CNTF-stimulated NBFL cells that constitutively express the SHP-2 interfering mutant, there was increased and prolonged formation of STAT/DNA complexes, but decreased AP-1 binding activity, that mirrored a down-regulation of c-fos expression both at the mRNA and protein level. Taken together, these data indicate that SHP-2 has dual and opposing roles in a signaling cascade triggered by the same ligand, as illustrated by its ability to differentially regulate the levels of activity of both STAT and AP-1 transcription factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6233-6241
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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