We theoretically study tunneling of Cooper pairs from a superconductor spanning a two-dimensional topological insulator strip into its helical edge states. The coherent low-energy electron-pair tunneling sets off positive current cross correlations along the edges, which reflect an interplay of two quantum-entanglement processes. Most importantly, superconducting spin pairing dictates a Cooper pair partitioning into the helical edge liquids, which transport electrons in opposite directions for opposite spin orientations. At the same time, Luttinger-liquid correlations fractionalize electrons injected at a given edge into counterpropagating charge pulses carrying definite fractions of the elementary electron charge.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)