Convection-enhanced delivery of SN-38-loaded polymeric micelles (NK012) enables consistent distribution of SN-38 and is effective against rodent intracranial brain tumor models

Rong Zhang, Ryuta Saito, Yui Mano, Akira Sumiyoshi, Masayuki Kanamori, Yukihiko Sonoda, Ryuta Kawashima, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of therapeutic agents is a promising local delivery technique that has been extensively studied as a treatment for CNS diseases over the last two decades. One continuing challenge of CED is accurate and consistent delivery of the agents to the target. The present study focused on a new type of therapeutic agent, NK012, a novel SN-38-loaded polymeric micelle. Local delivery profiles of NK012 and SN-38 were studied using rodent brain and intracranial rodent brain tumor models. First, the cytotoxicity of NK012 against glioma cell lines was determined in vitro. Proliferations of glioma cells were significantly reduced after exposure to NK012. Then, the distribution and local toxicity after CED delivery of NK012 and SN-38 were evaluated in vivo. Volume of distribution of NK012 after CED was much larger than that of SN-38. Histological examination revealed minimum brain tissue damage in rat brains after delivery of 40 µg NK012 but severe damage with SN-38 at the same dose. Subsequently, the efficacy of NK012 delivered via CED was tested in 9L and U87MG rodent orthotopic brain tumor models. CED of NK012 displayed excellent efficacy in the 9L and U87MG orthotopic brain tumor models. Furthermore, NK012 and gadolinium diamide were co-delivered via CED to monitor the NK012 distribution using MRI. Volume of NK012 distribution evaluated by histology and MRI showed excellent agreement. CED of NK012 represents an effective treatment option for malignant gliomas. MRI-guided CED of NK012 has potential for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2780-2786
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Delivery
Volume23
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 12

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • SN-38
  • convection-enhanced delivery
  • malignant glioma
  • micelle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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