Controlled undercooling of liquid iron in contact with Al 2O 3 Substrates under varying oxygen partial pressures

Martin E. Valdez, Pello Uranga, Katsuhiro Fuchigami, H. Shibata, Alan W. Cramb

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this study was to determine the conditions under which alumina can act as a heterogeneous nucleant to initiate the solidification of undercooled liquid iron. The undercooling of a pure iron sessile droplet in contact with Al 2O 3 substrates was measured under controlled oxygen partial pressures by observing droplet recalescence. The experimental results indicated that the undercooling of liquid iron, in contact with an Al 2O 3 substrate, did not have a unique value, varied from 0°C to 290°C, and was significantly affected by the oxygen content of the gas phase and the degree of interaction between the oxide and the metal. Deep undercoolings are possible at low oxygen potentials, provided the oxygen potential is such that substantial substrate decomposition does not occur. The measured undercooling was a strong function of gas phase oxygen content and a maximum in undercooling of 290°C was measured at PO 2 = 10 -19 atm. The variation in undercooling was related to the wetting of the substrate by the liquid metal, where the deepest undercoolings occurred when the highest contact angle between the substrate and the liquid droplet was achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-821
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Controlled undercooling of liquid iron in contact with Al 2O 3 Substrates under varying oxygen partial pressures'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this