Control of Hydration of Free Magnesia in Steelmaking Slag

Ryo Inoue, Madoka Uchidate, Shiori Kusukawa, Natsumi Kado, Yasushi Takasaki, Shigeru Ueda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: The expansion phenomenon, which is a major issue when using steelmaking slag as a roadbed material and civil engineering material, is caused by the volume expansion during hydration of free CaO (undissolved CaO and precipitated CaO) and free MgO (undissolved MgO and precipitated MgO) contained in steelmaking slag. From the weight change of MgO reagent hydrated in distilled water, it was clarified that hydration of undissolved MgO proceeded slowly. In addition, experiments of hydrating MgO–FeO solid solution using an autoclave revealed that with increasing FeO concentration in the solid solution, the hydration degree became lower. The FeO content solved in solid MgO at 1550–1650 °C was experimentally determined and expressed by the following equation:(mass%FeO)in MgO=-0.477(mass%CaO)/(mass%SiO2)+0.756(mass%T.Fe)+0.695(mass%MgO)+437000/T-224.3From these results, the conditions for the formation of free MgO phase that is not hydrated (or easily hydrated) were discussed. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-830
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Sustainable Metallurgy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep


  • Free MgO
  • Hydration
  • Magnesiowüstite
  • MgO–FeO solid solution
  • Precipitated MgO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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