Purpose: To develop a metal-free bite force gauge that can monitor the bite force in a strong magnetic field and to analyze the correlations between bite-force and total T2 shift of the mastication muscles. Materials and Methods: The gauge used a micro-pressure sensor made of optical fiber. Ten subjects performed a 60-s isometric bite task at 40% of maximum clenching in various occlusal support conditions (intact dentition, right molar loss, or left molar loss). Spin-echo images were taken with a 1.5 Tesla scanner before and immediately after the task to correlate the bite force with the mean voxel count, mean shift in transverse relaxation time (ΔT2), and total T2 shift of each masticatory muscle. Results: Measurements of total T2 shift identified significant correlations between the bite force and activities of the superficial layer of the bilateral masseter muscle, regardless of the occlusion condition (intact dentition: left, P = 0.007 and right, P < 0.001; right molar loss: left, P = 0.02 and right, P = 0.021; and left molar loss: left, P = 0.022 and right, P = 0.049). In contrast, significant correlations were not detected between the bite force and mean ΔT2 (intact dentition: left, P = 0.102 and right, P = 0.053; right molar loss: left, P = 0.393 and right, P = 0.868; and left molar loss: left, P = 0.531 and right, P = 0.92). Conclusion: Measurement of total T2 shift using a metal-free bite force gauge is a more sensitive index of individual muscle activity than mean ΔT2 during a bite task. J. MAGN. RESON. IMAGING 2016;44:804–813.
- bite force
- masticatory muscles
- muscle activity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging