Contrasting effects of a cladoceran (Daphnia galeata) and a calanoid copepod (Eodiaptomus japonicus) on algal and microbial plankton in a Japanese lake, Lake Biwa

Takehito Yoshida, Tek Gurung, Maiko Kagami, Jotaro Urabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Macrozooplankton may affect algal and microbial plankton directly through grazing or predation and indirectly through nutrient regeneration. They may also affect potential prey positively by removing alternative predators. Here, we examined the effects of a cladoceran (Daphnia) and a calanoid copepod (Eodiaptomus) on algal and microbial plankton in a Japanese lake using in situ experiments in which we manipulated the nutrient supply and biomass of these macrozooplankton. The response of algal and microbial plankton to macrozooplankton was diverse and varied depending on the level of nutrient supply. Eodiaptomus seemed to feed mainly on large algae (>20 μm) and microzooplankton, while direct grazing by Daphnia on algae, bacteria, heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF), and microzooplankton (ciliates, heliozoa, and rotifers) was pronounced. Trophic linkages within these microbial plankton was also suggested; bacteria were grazed by HNF and these in turn were grazed by microzooplankton. When the nutrient supply was high, both HNF and microzooplankton were exposed to higher amounts of algae and lower bacterial abundance. Moreover, nutrient regeneration by daphnids and Eodiaptomus copepods seemed to differentially stimulate the growth of algae and bacteria. The results suggest that the relationship between macrozooplankton and microbial plankton cannot be fully understood without taking into consideration not only the feeding characteristics of the macrozooplankton, but also the food web structure, the subsidized algal resource, and nutrient regeneration from the macrozooplankton.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-610
Number of pages9
JournalOecologia
Volume129
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Classic and microbial food chains
  • Nutrient regeneration
  • Resource subsidy
  • Trophic interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Contrasting effects of a cladoceran (Daphnia galeata) and a calanoid copepod (Eodiaptomus japonicus) on algal and microbial plankton in a Japanese lake, Lake Biwa'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this