Contraction support for the right ventricle by a shape memory alloy fibered artificial myocardium

Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Akihiro Yamada, Tomoyuki Yambe, Dai Homma, Shintaro Katahira, Naoki Masaki, Yukihiro Hayatsu, Masatoshi Akiyama, Yoshikatsu Saiki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Mechanical cardiac support by using artificial organs improves the circulatory condition in the patients with heart failure. However, the thrombotic and bleeding complications might be caused by the use of these artificial prosthetic internal organs because of their direct attachment with blood. We have been developing an implantable artificial myocardial assist device that can support the natural ventricular contraction from outside of the heart. A shape memory alloy fiber was employed for the implantable design of the myocardial assistance. In this study, we focused on the right ventricular assist by the artificial myocardium using shape memory alloy fibers. We fabricated a prototype of the right ventricular contraction support based on the hinge mechanism design with shape memory fibered actuators. Fundamental characteristics of the contractile effects of the design, as well as its deformation, were examined, and the hemodynamic changes were investigated in the acute animal experiments. As a result, the supporting depth from the ventricular wall increased to be 35 mm, and the volumetric assistance showed around 50 mL incremental assist by the changes in the displacement of the actuator.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 10th Asian Control Conference
Subtitle of host publicationEmerging Control Techniques for a Sustainable World, ASCC 2015
EditorsHazlina Selamat, Hafiz Rashidi Haruna Ramli, Ahmad Athif Mohd Faudzi, Ribhan Zafira Abdul Rahman, Asnor Juraiza Ishak, Azura Che Soh, Siti Anom Ahmad
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781479978625
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 8
Event10th Asian Control Conference, ASCC 2015 - Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
Duration: 2015 May 312015 Jun 3

Publication series

Name2015 10th Asian Control Conference: Emerging Control Techniques for a Sustainable World, ASCC 2015

Other

Other10th Asian Control Conference, ASCC 2015
CountryMalaysia
CityKota Kinabalu
Period15/5/3115/6/3

Keywords

  • artificial myocardium
  • right ventricle
  • shape memory alloy fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

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