Continuous synthesis of Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ fine particles in supercritical water at temperatures of 400-500 °c and pressures of 30-35 MPa

Kazuaki Shibuki, Masafumi Takesue, Taku M. Aida, Masaru Watanabe, Hiromichi Hayashi, Richard L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Sub-micron sized Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ phosphors particles were continuously synthesized in supercritical water with a flow reactor. Colloidal silica or sodium silicate was used as the Si source. Zn and Mn sources were chosen from their nitrates, sulfates, and acetates. The syntheses were carried out at temperatures from 400 to 500 °C, at pressures from 30 to 35 MPa, at NaOH concentrations from 0.014 to 0.025 M, and for residence times from 0.025 to 0.18 s. Sodium silicate formed α- and β-Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ phases regardless of the Zn and Mn sources, while colloidal silica formed phases dependent on the type of Zn and Mn sources used in addition to the use of alkali. As the reaction temperature increased, the crystallinity of α-Zn2SiO 4:Mn2+ phase increased and the Mn substitution into the Zn sites of the α-Zn2SiO4 phase decreased. Of the conditions studied, the most highly crystalline α-Zn2SiO 4:Mn2+ was produced at a temperature of 400 °C, a pressure of 30 MPa, a NaOH concentration of 0.14 M, and a residence time of 0.13 s with Zn and Mn sulfates and colloidal silica as starting materials. The α-Zn2SiO4:Mn2+ fine particles synthesized were round in shape, had an average diameter of 268 nm, and exhibited a green-emission with a peak wavelength of 524 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-271
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug


  • Crystal growth
  • Hydrothermal reaction
  • Material processing
  • Supercritical water
  • Willemite
  • Zinc silicate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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