The present chapter summarizes current progress in the study of determinants of community social capital. Given that many studies have reported a positive association between social capital and health (and many other outcomes), why are some communities richer in social capital than others? Compared to the studies on the health effect of community social capital, less attention has been devoted to understanding the determinants of community social capital. Recently, researchers have examined the influence of area characteristics, such as degree of urbanization/suburbanization, neighborhood walkability, and community history on the accumulation of community social capital. Traditional urban centers have been hypothesized to be more walkable, and walkable built environments may help form a more sociable neighborhood community. We describe how these hypotheses have been tested, with a particular focus on case studies conducted in Japan. Subsequently, we will discuss some further challenges and policy implications regarding the studies of the contextual determinants of community social capital.
|Title of host publication||Global Perspectives on Social Capital and Health|
|Publisher||Springer New York|
|Number of pages||20|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Jan 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas