In our previous study, virus-binding proteins (VBPs) demonstrating the ability to strongly bind poliovirus type 1 (PV1) were recovered from a bacterial culture derived from activated sludge. The isolated VBPs would be useful as viral adsorbents for water and wastewater treatments. The VBP gene of activated sludge bacteria was isolated, and the cloning system of the VBP was established. The isolation of the VBP gene from DNA libraries for activated sludge bacteria was achieved with the colony hybridization technique. The sequence of the VBP gene consisted of 807 nucleotides encoding 268 amino acids. Fifteen amino acid sequences were retrieved from 2,137,877 sequences by a homology search using the BLAST server at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. The protein encoded in the isolated genome was considered to be a newly discovered protein from activated sludge culture, because any sequences in protein databases were not perfectly matched with the sequence of the VBP. It was confirmed that Escherichia coli BL21 transformed by pRSET carrying the isolated VBP gene could extensively produce the VBP clones. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) revealed that the VBP clone exhibited the binding ability with intact particles of PV1. The equilibrium binding constant between PV1 and VBP in the ELISA well was estimated to be 2.1 × 107 (M-1), which also indicated that the VBP clones have a high affinity with the PV1 particle. The VBP cloning system developed in this study would make it possible to produce a mass volume of VBPs and to utilize them as a new material of the specific adsorbent in several technologies, including virus removal, concentration, and detection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology