Construction and restructuring of the cellulose-xyloglucan framework in the apoplast as mediated by the xyloglucan-related protein family - A hypothetical scheme

Kazuhiko Nishitani

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The cellulose-xyloglucan framework functions as the load-bearing structure of the cell wall and constrains cell shape in plants. Xyloglucan cross-links which underpin the framework structure can be modified by transferases and hydrolases encoded by xyloglucan-related protein (XRP) family genes. These enzymes are considered to play critical roles in the construction and restructuring of the three-dimensional structure of the plant cell wall. Although analyses of their protein structures and gene-expression profiles for individual members of XRPs have disclosed their potentially divergent roles in plants, the biochemical reactions catalyzed by individual XRPs and their biochemical implications remain to be clarified. This review focuses on the XRP-catalyzed chemical processes occurring in the apoplast and considers the biochemical steps involved in the construction and restructuring of the cellulose-xyloglucan framework, an ensemble of chemical reactions that are more complicated than commonly supposed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-166
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Plant Research
    Volume111
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar

    Keywords

    • Apoplast
    • Cell wall
    • Cellulose
    • Endo-xyloglucan transferase (EXGT)
    • Molecular grafting
    • Xyloglucan
    • Xyloglucan related protein (XRP)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Plant Science

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Construction and restructuring of the cellulose-xyloglucan framework in the apoplast as mediated by the xyloglucan-related protein family - A hypothetical scheme'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this