Constitutive androstane receptor transcriptionally activates human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 genes through a common regulatory element in the 5′-flanking region

Kouichi Yoshinari, Noriaki Yoda, Takayoshi Toriyabe, Yasushi Yamazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phenobarbital has long been known to increase cellular levels of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 possibly through a pathway(s) independent of aryl hydrocarbon receptor. We have investigated the role of constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), a xenobiotic-responsive nuclear receptor, in the transactivation of human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2. These genes are located in a head-to-head orientation, sharing a 5′-flanking region. Reporter assays were thus performed with dual-reporter constructs, containing the whole or partially deleted human CYP1A promoter between two different reporter genes. In this system, human CAR (hCAR) enhanced the transcription of both genes through common promoter regions from -461 to -554 and from -18089 to -21975 of CYP1A1. With reporter assays using additional deleted and mutated constructs, electrophoresis mobility shift assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, an ER8 motif (everted repeat separated by eight nucleotides), located at around -520 of CYP1A1, was identified as an hCAR-responsive element and a binding motif of hCAR/human retinoid X receptor α heterodimer. hCAR enhanced the transcription of both genes also in the presence of an aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligand. Finally, hCAR activation increased CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 mRNA levels in cultured human hepatocytes. Our results indicate that CAR transactivates human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 in human hepatocytes through the common cis-element ER8. Interestingly, the ER8 motif is highly conserved in the CYP1A1 proximal promoter sequences of various species, suggesting a fundamental role of CAR in the xenobiotic-induced expression of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 independent of aryl hydrocarbon receptor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Aryl hydrocarbon receptor
  • CYP induction
  • HepG2 cell
  • In vitro reporter assay
  • Nuclear receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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