Consistent and coherent learning with δ-delay

Yohji Akama, Thomas Zeugmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A consistent learner is required to correctly and completely reflect in its actual hypothesis all data received so far. Though this demand sounds quite plausible, it may lead to the unsolvability of the learning problem. Therefore, in the present paper several variations of consistent learning are introduced and studied. These variations allow a so-called δ-delay relaxing the consistency demand to all but the last δ data. Additionally, we introduce the notion of coherent learning (again with δ-delay) requiring the learner to correctly reflect only the last datum (only the n - δth datum) seen. Our results are manyfold. First, we provide characterizations for consistent learning with δ-delay in terms of complexity and computable numberings. Second, we establish strict hierarchies for all consistent learning models with δ-delay in dependence on δ. Finally, it is shown that all models of coherent learning with δ-delay are exactly as powerful as their corresponding consistent learning models with δ-delay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1374
Number of pages13
JournalInformation and Computation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov


  • Characterizations
  • Coherence
  • Consistency
  • Inductive inference
  • Recursion theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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