Confocal microscopy of dentinal tubules in human tooth stained with alizarin red

M. Kagayama, Y. Sasano, H. Sato, S. Kamakura, K. Motegi, I. Mizoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was designed to analyze the structures of dentinal tubules by confocal microscopy. Undecalcified ground sections of human teeth were stained with alizarin red in 0.1% KOH aqueous solution, and examined by confocal microscopy. Alizarin red stained dentinal tubules, interglobular dentine, granular layer of Tomes, and the surface of dentine. Interglobular dentine was seen between the outer and middle layers of coronal dentine. At the outer layer of coronal dentine, the dentinal tubules were thin and showed numerous branches. At the middle layer of coronal dentine, dentinal tubules displayed two types. The type I tubules are the dentinal tubules that do not show any nodular structures and the type II tubules are the dentinal tubules that appear bamboo-like with many nodules. In the cross section through the type II tubules, the nodules appeared as fine circular tubules surrounding the dentinal tubules. The circular tubules of nodules adhered to one side of the dentinal tubules. When the fluorescence images were compared with the images taken by transmission light mode, the fluorescence of dentinal tubules was seen at the inner surface of dentinal tubules, and the fluorescence of nodules was seen at interface between peritubular and intertubular dentine. Most of the dentinal tubules were of the type II tubules in the teeth from older individuals, whereas the type II tubules were scarce in the teeth from younger individuals. At the inner layer of coronal dentine, the dentinal tubules have no nodules and branches were scarce. The dentinal tubules of radicular dentine were different from those of coronal dentine. Most of the dentinal tubules were the type I tubules. Numerous fine branches were seen at the outer and middle layers of radicular dentine. No interglobular dentine was seen in the root except at the cervical part, and the granular layer of Tomes was also positive with alizarin red. At the cervical part of the root, interglobular dentine was present and the dentinal tubules displayed types I and II.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalAnatomy and Embryology
Volume199
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Mar 27

Keywords

  • Alizarin red
  • Confocal microscopy
  • Dentinal tubules
  • Fluorescence microscopy
  • Human dentine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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